In the 2020 horizon it is likely that exascale systems will be available. Many papers and speeches regarding exascale are arising in workshops and conferences in the computing field. Most of them focus in the SW and HW problems and challenges the HPC Community will face when scaling to systems with such a huge number of processors (in the order of 105).
Supercomputing is well established and mature in engineering and sciences as computer simulation-based methods sciences have become the third pillar of sciences (alongside experiments and theory). This talk will try to go one step further showing how HPC is also, and specially will be in the near future, a key element for the economic competitiveness of industries and countries.